Babies with Down syndrome have three copies of chromosome 21 and have intellectual disabilities that range from mild to moderate. Children with Down syndrome will need extra medical care depending on the child’s specific health problems. Early intervention has allowed many individuals with Down syndrome to lead healthy and productive lives. The presence of medical conditions, like heart defects, can affect the lifespan in these children and adults; however, most individuals with Down syndrome will live into their 60s. Miscarriage occurs in about 30% of pregnancies with Down syndrome while overall about 1 in 600 babies are born with Down syndrome.
Panorama is a new type of non-invasive prenatal screening test. Instead of analyzing chemicals produced during pregnancy, like serum screening tests do, Panorama analyzes fragments of the baby’s genetic information in the mother’s blood sample. Panorama screens for common chromosomal conditions with higher accuracy than traditional blood screening tests.